Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
CBT is recommended by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) for a variety of disorders, including depression, anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), phobias, eating disorders, and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), personality disorders and bipolar disorder.
CBT combines cognitive therapy and behaviour therapy. It focuses on how you think about the things going on in your life and on past experiences. It also explores your thoughts, images, beliefs and attitudes (your cognitive processes) - and how this impacts on the way you behave and deal with emotional problems. It then looks at how you can change any negative patterns of thinking or behaviour that may be causing you difficulties. In turn, this can improve the way you feel and enhance mood.
Together with your therapist, you will explore what your problems are and develop a plan for tackling them. You will learn a set of cognitive and behavioural principles that you can apply whenever you need to. You may find them useful long after you have left therapy.
CBT may focus on what is going on in the present rather than the past. However, the therapist may also look at how your past experiences impact on how you interpret the world now.